Peter Andersson studied interior architecture and furniture design at Konstfack University of Arts, Craft & Design in Stockholm, where his graduation project was the conference chair Slack, which was the first of Andersson’s objects to be put into serial production. In 2000 Slack was awarded the Utmärkt Svensk Form (Excellent Swedish Design Award).
After graduating, Andersson established the Peter Andersson Studio, PAS in Stockholm. The main part of the studio's work concerns the concept of inclusive design with products for healthcare and education. In 2003 Andersson became Head of department at Beckmans College of Design, and later joined Konstfack as a senior lecturer.
In 2002 Andersson started a collaboration with the furniture company NC Nordic Care, mostly known for making furniture for the geriatric care. With Anderssons Rialto, a simple chair made with cafés in mind and the need to have somewhere to hang your bag or jacket, NC took the step into new contexts. The collaboration also resulted in the chair Tilt (2005) with a design that invites the sitter to tilt back, and that was awarded the Furniture of the year prize by Swedish interior magazine Sköna Hem.
During the Swedish Design Year of 2005 Nationalmuseum curated an exhibition on the theme of conceptual design, where Andersson was represented with four objects. For the re-opening of the renovated Swedish National Museum in 2018, Andersson designed the chair Bottero for the museum’s café, together with designer Matti Klenell and the manufacturer Källemo.
In 2021 Andersson made his first collaboration with the company Lammhults with the chair Corso, made of loops of steel tubing, and a limited amount of upholstery. Corso was nominated to the Born Classic Award at the Stockholm Furniture and Light fair in 2021.